Also known as a Scarlet Maple or Swamp Maple, the red maple gets its name from the bright-red color of the fall leaves. The tree is 40 to 60 feet tall. The leaves turn red during fall and the tree’s twigs are glossy-red in the spring. Fruits and flowers are also red. When the leaves are not red their color is a light green on top and pale green on the underside. The red maple also produces red flowers and fruit, which is called samara just like the sugar maple.